Comprehensive Overview of Refining Processing and Blending

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Virtual or Classroom
15hr Content

Custom Scheduling
Sanda Telen

Format: Instructor-led

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To register multiple team-members at once, use the link below.

Need a dedicated version of this program for your team? Please contact us.

Course Objective

To help teams understand the principles, aspects, and importance of the blending process from the technology, economy, and quality point of view for the main refinery finished products.

Private course for team

Custom scheduling

Industry Expert

On-site or virtual

1-year access

to course material

PDH Hours qualified course

Read more here

About the course


   Live sessions

   15hr Content




Growing global competitiveness in the refining products market requires an in-depth knowledge of fuel technology processes, global quality standards, and quality monitoring procedures. As a global market turns to clean fuels and more stringent specifications, the environment in which refiners operate is more and more challenging.

The course presents a comprehensive overview of white and black product blending processes, covering refining processing and technology aspects, crude quality impact, specifications, quality giveaway, additives selection, blending economics, testing, and troubleshooting. Additionally, the course gives a perspective on how the blending process fits into the operation of an integrated oil company. Case studies are used to illustrate the relative importance of each aspect of the blending process.

The course consists of 15 modules split across 15 training hours. All modules will be live sessions with the instructor. This training course is available as a company in-house training only; there is a choice between an online training or an onsite training. All training materials will be available through your EngineeringTrainer account.

After the course you maintain 1-year unlimited access to the course, including any new course material. This allows you to perform modules again should you need to refresh your knowledge.


Questions?  Contact us

    +31 (0)85 058 0051
         Monday - Friday, 9am - 6pm CEST

Meet your instructor


Managing Director and Founder at Oilcon Oil&Energy Consulting   

Technical Consultant - Advanced Technologies and Product Development


Program & Details

  1. Introduction to refinery blending

  2. Energy sources

  3. Energy outlook and demand

  4. Classification of fuels

  5. Basic fuel chemistry

  6. Key elements of engine design and how fuels affect its performance and emissions

  1. Introduction to fuel specifications

  2. Types of fuel specifications

  3. Primary and secondary importance properties 

  4. Specification differences (EU, USA, Middle East, Asia…)

  1. Value of blending

  2. Blending principles

  3. Types of blending and their specifics (in-line and batch blending)

  4. Blanding issues (stability of blends, quality giveaway, specification margins)

  1. Blending calculations and fuel properties (linear and non-linear properties)

  2. Blending calculation methods (LP model and blending index)

  3. Blending economics

  1. The role of fuel additives in the blending of fuels

  2. Classification of fuel additives

  3. Chemistry of white products additives – octane and cetane improvers, deposit control additives, corrosion inhibitors, detergents, lubricity additives, antioxidants, dispersants, flow improvers, biocides, multifunctional additives

  1. Selection process and compatibility of fuel additives

  2. Principles of additive treatment

  3. Fuel additives and the importance of fuel characterisation

  4. Multifunctional additives and fuel branding

  1. Introduction to diesel fuel blending

  2. Diesel fuel specifications – general and specific

  3. Blending components – production and characteristics

  4. Influence of processed crude oil type

  1. Diesel engine

  2. Diesel fuel properties

  3. Stability of diesel fuel

  4. Diesel fuel composition and performance

  1. Bio-component blending

  2. Challenges of bio-component blending

  3. Diesel fuel additives and selection process

  4. Additives and cold flow properties of diesel fuel – winter operability (case study)

  1. Introduction to motor gasoline blending

  2. Motor gasoline specifications - general and specific

  3. Specifications – key quality elements (volatility, octane number, aromatics, oxygen content)

  4. Motor gasoline blending components – production and characteristics

  1. Motor gasoline properties

  2. Blending principles

  3. Concept of linear and non-linear blending

  4. Motor gasoline blending issues (stability of blends, quality giveaway, specification margins)

  1. Oxygenates

  2. Bio-component blending

  3. Motor gasoline additives and additives’ selection process

  4. Blending management – introduction

  1. Bonus calculation 

  2. Principles of bonus calculation

  3. Building of motor gasoline recipes

  4. Interpretation of results

  1. Marine fuels – classification

  2. Specifications and their development

  3. IMO regulation and its impact on blending

  4. Production and blending

  5. Additives – role and selection

  6. Heavy fuel oils – classification

  7. Specifications

  8. Blending and stability

  1. Introduction to good housekeeping practice

  2. Storage, distribution, and handling of finished products

  3. Impact of bio-components on product quality and its storage and handling

  4. Stability of finished products


After this course, you...  

  • have a clear overview of the processing background, and how white and black products are produced and blended

  • understand the fundamentals of engine operation and emissions, and the importance of fuels in maintaining a good operation

  • are familiar with specifications and their importance and limitations, and how they can be used in ensuring that the product is fit for the purpose

  • know how additives are selected and used to meet the specification for different products and different markets

  • are familiar with how laboratory results are obtained, and how they should be interpreted

Who should attend this course

  • Personnel from the oil, fuel, biofuel, additive and auto industries

  • Refinery technical personnel

  • Planning and scheduling specialists

  • Trading and blending personnel

  • Laboratory supervisors and technical personnel

  • Sales, marketing, and product trading personnel

  • Market and research analysts

  • Regulatory and Policymakers personnel

  • Young engineers are welcome to participate


  • This course is suitable for a range of personal and there are no specific prerequisites. Some affinity with refining is beneficial.

Level: Beginner to Intermediate

Live sessions

This course consists of instructor-led group sessions, these group sessions can be Virtual or Onsite. During these sessions participants can ask questions to the instructor which are discussed, as well as questions submitted beforehand in the learning portal.

After each live session used slides and exercise documents are made available to participants on the learning portal.

Please note that for privacy reasons no recordings of the live sessions are made or provided.

You receive 1-year unlimited access to the course. This allows you to watch content again if this is beneficial for your daily work activities.

The live sessions are scheduled together with the customer and are private for their team only. 

Typically the training course would be scheduled as:

  • Virtual: 6 sessions of 2.5 hours

  • Onsite: 3 days of 5 hours plus breaks

A personal digital certificate will be made available to each participant upon full attendance.

Example Certificate:


This course consists of instructor-led live sessions which consist of presentations, demonstrations and discussions of questions. During each live session participants can ask questions to the instructor (through chat or microphone) which will be answered.

Please note that for privacy reasons no recordings of the live sessions are made or provided.

The training material used in the live sessions, for example the slides or exercises, will be available in the EngineeringTrainer portal for a year after the date of the training allowing you to refresh your knowledge or review material if needed. 

No, course content is not available for download.

The training material used in the sessions, for example the slides or exercises, will be available in the EngineeringTrainer portal for a year after the date of the training allowing you to refresh your knowledge or review material if needed. 

Please note that for privacy reasons no recordings of the live sessions are made or provided. 

Yes, interactive Q&A sessions are part of the live sessions in this course and allow you to interact with the instructor and ask questions.

To respect the privacy of the participants the live sessions will not be recorded, and as such the live sessions cannot be played back. Therefore it is important for all participants to block the time slots of the live sessions in their calendars and be present. 

No software licenses are provided as part of this course. 

Yes, this course qualifies for PDH hours as per the NCEES CPC Guidelines.

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Questions? Contact Us

Luuk Hennen    
Product specialist

   +31 (0)85 058 0051
        Monday - Friday, 9am-6pm CEST 

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